Immunotherapy By Cancer Type

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Immunotherapy: Impacting All Cancers

Immunotherapy is a form of cancer treatment that uses the power of the body's immune system to prevent, control, and eliminate cancer. From the preventive vaccine for cervical and liver cancer to the first therapy ever proven to extend the lives of patients with metastatic melanoma, immunology has already led to major treatment breakthroughs for a number of cancers. Every cancer type is unique, though, and immunology and immunotherapy are impacting each cancer in different ways.

Explore immunotherapies by cancer type and explore different kinds of treatment, why immunotherapy matters, and how to support cancer immunotherapy research.

Bladder Cancer
The first FDA-approved immunotherapy treatment—Bacillus Calmette-Guérin cancer vaccine—was for bladder cancer in 1990.
Brain Cancer
Cancers of the brain and nervous system are relatively rare but very serious. Immunotherapy is showing significant promise where other approaches have failed, including in glioblastoma.
Breast Cancer
New studies of immunotherapy in the treatment of breast cancer, one of the most commonly diagnosed cancer types among women globally, are encouraging, with the potential for long-term success.
Cervical Cancer
Three preventive cancer vaccines are already helping to stop cervical cancer, and many new immunotherapeutic approaches are in clinical trials.
Childhood Cancer
Immunotherapy offers a potential way to treat childhood (pediatric) cancer without the damaging, long-term side effects of conventional treatments.
Colorectal Cancer
There are several FDA-approved immunotherapies for colorectal cancer, for which patients are in urgent need of new treatment options.
Esophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy for esophageal cancer is being explored to reduce recurrence, as a first-line treatment, and in novel combinations for advanced stage cancer.
Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy offers exciting new treatment options for patients with cancers of the mouth, throat, voice box, sinuses, nose, and salivary glands.
Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy for kidney cancer—also called renal cell cancer—has tremendously changed the treatment landscape and overall survival of patients with metastatic kidney cancer. 
There are several FDA-approved immunotherapies for leukemia (leukaemia) and ongoing research demonstrates even greater potential for new treatments.
Liver Cancer
In addition to the first FDA-approved hepatitis B preventive cancer vaccine, immunotherapy treatments can enhance the immune system’s response to liver cancer.
Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy is a promising treatment option for advanced lung cancer, alone or in combination with conventional treatments like chemotherapy or surgery.
Several FDA-approved immunotherapies offer treatment options to children and adults with Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
Immunotherapy has changed the way melanoma is treated. In particular, checkpoint inhibitors are responsible for the increasing survival rate for patients with metastatic melanoma. 
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy for multiple myeloma is a promising new treatment option, with the potential to result in long-term cancer remission similar to the results of bone marrow transplantation.
Ovarian Cancer
Research into immunotherapy for ovarian cancer is promising, especially since more treatment options for patients and oncologists are urgently needed.
Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer has few treatment options, so pancreatic cancer immunotherapy research is vital to providing patients with new hope.
Prostate Cancer
With a cancer vaccine and checkpoint inhibitor already approved, immunotherapy research offers new hope to patients with advanced prostate cancer.
Immunotherapy for sarcoma has some success cases, including the earliest known instances of spontaneous regression, although sarcoma cancer immunology is still largely unknown. 
Skin Cancer
Skin cancers are common, often diagnosed at an early stage, and among the first cancers to respond to immunotherapy.
Stomach Cancer
Immunotherapies, including checkpoint inhibitors and targeted antibodies, offer promising new treatment options for stomach (gastric) cancer patients.
Uterine (Endometrial) Cancer
Immunotherapy for uterine (endometrial) cancer is an emerging area of research and treatment, especially for patients with advanced cases.

*Immunotherapy results may vary from patient to patient.